Political Structure

Lesson 3: Topic 12 of 14

Socialism and Communism 

Socialism as a political ideology varies in its interpretation and implementation, but when fully implemented in a society, it ultimately leads to communism. Historians and politicians argue about this link from various positions.  We may draw much of our understanding of the strong connection between socialism and communism from the infamous and influential Vladimir Lenin, who said, ”The goal of socialism is communism.” This points to societies with levels of authoritarian control in many sectors.

At its core, communism advocates for the collective ownership and control of the means of production and the elimination of private property. This structure aims to create a classless society where resources are distributed based on need rather than wealth. Two of the biggest problems that develop are the lack of initiative for people to innovate or work to their capacity, and the oppression of free speech. We have yet to see a communist society that is successful long-term.

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